Supply Contraction

The dynamics of supply contraction within the KLIMA ecosystem are primarily facilitated through the innovative use of retirement bonds. This mechanism is pivotal for managing the circulating supply of KLIMA tokens, ensuring the system's balance and sustainability. Understanding how retirement bonds function and their impact on KLIMA's supply is essential for grasping the broader economic model of KLIMA and its role in the carbon market.

Understanding Retirement Bonds

Mechanism: Retirement bonds represent a strategic tool for supply contraction, where KLIMA tokens are exchanged for carbon credits that are immediately retired. This process effectively removes KLIMA tokens from circulation, directly contracting the supply. The retirement of carbon credits through this mechanism also contributes to KLIMA's environmental objectives, making it a dual-purpose tool.

Pricing and Structure: The bonds are structured to offer a fair exchange rate for carbon credits, based on the time-weighted average market rate, with a maximum slippage cap and a flat fee contributing to the protocol's treasury. This structure ensures that the process is efficient and aligned with market values, making retirement bonds an attractive option for those looking to retire carbon credits at scale.

The Role of Retirement Bonds in Supply Contraction

Retirement bonds serve as the main variable in KLIMA's supply contraction dynamics. The volume of carbon retired through these bonds directly influences the rate at which KLIMA's supply contracts. This mechanism is crucial for balancing the inflationary pressures from supply expansion, ensuring that KLIMA remains a stable and sustainable currency within the carbon market.

Inflationary and Deflationary States

The balance between supply expansion and contraction defines KLIMA's inflationary or deflationary state:

  • Inflationary State: Occurs when the rate of supply expansion (driven by the growth of the CM and tokenization of carbon) exceeds the rate of supply contraction (achieved through retirement bonds). In this state, the circulating supply of KLIMA increases, which could potentially dilute its value if not managed carefully.

  • Deflationary State: Arises when the rate of supply contraction outpaces supply expansion. This scenario leads to a reduction in the circulating supply of KLIMA, potentially increasing its value and purchasing power over time.

Formula for Understanding Inflation and Deflation Rates

The relationship between KLIMA's supply dynamics can be conceptualized as follows:

SupplyChangeRate=CMGrowthRateโˆ’RetirementBondRateSupply Change Rate=CM Growth Rateโˆ’Retirement Bond Rate


  • CM Growth Rate represents the rate at which the carbon market is expanding, influencing KLIMA's supply expansion.

  • Retirement Bond Rate reflects the rate at which KLIMA tokens are retired through bonds, contributing to supply contraction.

You can view the rate of inflation or deflation, along with other important KLIMA metrics here.

Enhancing KLIMA as a Store of Value

For KLIMA to enhance its role as a store of value, balancing these rates is crucial. Strategies to increase the attractiveness and utilization of retirement bonds can amplify supply contraction, countering inflationary pressures and stabilizing KLIMA's value. Additionally, aligning supply expansion closely with genuine market growth ensures that KLIMA's supply remains sustainable and its value reflective of underlying environmental assets.

In conclusion, retirement bonds are a cornerstone of KLIMA's supply contraction strategy, offering a direct mechanism to reduce circulating supply while supporting environmental goals. By carefully managing the dynamics between supply expansion and contraction, KLIMA can maintain its stability and utility as a currency in the evolving landscape of the carbon market.

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